Earth Day is observed every year on April 22 to create awareness and support among the mass to protect the environment. The event is held worldwide to outreach to society and raise the issue on the occasion. Like every year, the world will be celebrating the 43rd anniversary of Earth Day on Monday, April 22, 2013.
In 1969, at the UNESCO Conference in San Fransisco, the concept to observe Earth Day on March 21 was first proposed by John McConnell. But a month later, Gaylord Nelso, U.S. Senator from Wisconsin, proposed April 22 as the date. Nelson was also a conservationist and environmental activist. Observance of Earth Day was proposed by Nelson as a national teach-in on the environmental issues right after the frightful oil spill off the coast in 1969. And in 1970, the idea to observe Earth Day in the United States was propelled by Denis Hayes who popularized it to the global level. Today, Earth Day is observed in more than 192 countries.
Every year, across the world millions of people take part to observe Earth Day. Moreover, non-profit organisations, governments, schools and communities hold various interactive programmes and activities to create awareness about the protection of the environment and mark the anniversary of the event. The main objective is to raise the concerns for the planet and find a sustainable solution for a good environment. The event also aims to grab attention of the governments and people to help the animals, birds, insects and people that are affected by climate change.
Like most of the countries, India also observes Earth Day. Associations, communities, government and non-profit organisations take initiatives to send the significant message to protect the environment through various advertisements, banners and charts. Schools and educational institutions are also abuzz with activities such as plating of trees, to celebrate the World Earth Day. Students are given lessons on nature conservation.
Popularity of Earth Day is gaining momentum as more and more people and communities are participating in the campaigns. The campaigns are more of symbolic events through which awareness to protect the environment. Moreover, to spread the message of nature conversation associations and communities are taking help of the social media.
Earth Day is all about educating the mass to protect the environment, resources and animals. The event is also encouraging people to opt for green projects and boost recycling efforts.
Earth Day 2013 is the best time to let people know about the nature conservation and create more impact of the event.
So, in time to celebrate this day, a leading online travel adviser has compiled a list of the ten most enchanting forests from around the world.
1. Crooked Forest, Poland
Taking top honours is Poland’s Crooked Forest with its 400 curved pine trees planted in 1930. The twisted shape of the trees is said to be man-made, though the method and motive are not known.
2. Sagano Bamboo Forest, Japan
Sagano Bamboo Forest is located within the Arashiyama district in the western outskirts of Kyoto covering an area of 16 square kilometers. The sound of the wind as it blows through the grove was voted by the Japanese government as one of the hundred sounds to be preserved.
3. Black Forest, Germany
The Black Forest situated in Baden-Württemberg, southwestern Germany, has always been an integral part of German folklore and was a fertile source of stories for the Brothers Grimm’s fairy tale compilation. The Romans named the forest Silva Nigra or Silva Carbonara (Latin=Black Forest) because of the dense growth which blocked out most of the light in the forest.
4. Caddo Lake, United States
Situated on the border between Texas and Louisiana, Caddo Lake is named after a Native American culture called the Caddoans or Caddo who occupied the area before their expulsion. It covers an area of 25,400 acres and is internationally protected under the RAMSAR treaty. It also features the world’s largest Cypress forest.
5. Zhangjiajie National Forest Park, China
Zhangjiajie National Forest Park is one of the several parks located within the Wulingyuan scenic Area in Hunan Province, China. It is famous for its majestic pillar-like geographic formations which dot the entire park. The pillars are said to be an inspiration for the floating Hallelujah Mountains seen in the movie ‘Avatar’.
6. Inyo National Forest, United States
This National Forest covers 1,903,381 acres, including the White Mountains of California and Nevada and parts of the eastern Sierra Nevada of California. Nine designated wilderness areas are located within the national park and it is also home to the oldest living tree in the world, the Methuselah bristlecone pine.
7. Bialowieza Forest, Poland and Belarus
Bialowieza Forest is one of the last remaining parts of a primeval forest stretching across Europe and runs along the border of Belarus and Poland. It is a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site.
8. Daintree Rainforest, Australia
The Daintree Rainforest in north east coast of Queensland, Australia, is the world’s oldest surviving rainforest and teems with myriad flora and fauna. Over 12,000 species of insects are found in this lush tropical rainforest. Around 30 percent of Australia’s frog, reptile and marsupial species, 65% of bat and butterfly species and 18% of bird species are found in this area.
9. Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve, Costa Rica
Monteverde Cloud Forest Reserve lies along the Cordillera de Tilarán mountain range within the provinces of Puntarenas and Alajuela. It consists of 6 ecological zones, 90% of which are virgin forest and is home to 2,500 plant species, 100 mammal species, 400 bird species, 120 reptilian and amphibian species, and thousands of insects.
10. Waipoua Forest, New Zealand
Rounding off the list is New Zealand’s Waipoua Forest, located in the Northland Region, it has two of the largest living kauri trees, Tane Mahuta and Te Matua Ngahere. The North Island brown kiwi and North Island kokako are also found here.